Original communication Society for Vascular Surgery (concluded)| Volume 41, ISSUE 2, P211-219, February 1957

Download started.


Defibrillation, cardiac arrest, and resuscitation in deep hypothermia by electrolyte solutions

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.


      In 47 dogs under hypothermia, ventricular fibrillation, cardiac arrest, and resuscitation were successfully accomplished by using various solutions of potassium chloride, sodium lactate, and Ringer's lactate. Although further investigation should be done, this technique may offer an opportunity for useful surgery in the motionless heart, without the danger of air embolism.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Bellet S.
        • Wasserman F.
        • Brody J.I.
        Treatment of Cardiac Arrest and Slow Ventricular Rate in Complete A-V Heart Block: Use of Molar Lactate and Half Molar Sodium Lactate: Clinical Study.
        Circulation. 1955; 11: 685-701
        • Bellet S.
        • Wasserman F.
        • Brody J.I.
        Molar Sodium Lactate. Its Effect in Complete Atrioventricular Heart Block and Cardiac Arrest Occurring During Stokes-Adams Seizures and in Terminal State.
        New England J. Med. 1955; 253: 891-900
        • Bing R.J.
        • Siegel A.
        • Vitale A.
        • Balboni F.
        • Sparks E.
        • Taeschler M.
        • Klapper M.
        • Edwards S.
        Metabolic Studies on the Human Heart in Vivo. I. Carbohy and Metabolism of the Human Heart.
        Am. J. Med. 1953; 15: 284
        • D'Halluin M.
        L'électricité homicide, étude physiologique symptologique, therapeutique.
        Ann. Soc. Sc. Med. Natur. Bruxelles. 1926; 46: 602-647
        • Effler D.B.
        • Groves L.K.
        • Sones M.F.
        • Kolff W.J.
        Elective Cardiac Arrest in Open-Heart Surgery. Report of Three Cases.
        Cleveland Clin. Quart. 1956; 23: 105-114
        • Hooker D.R.
        On Recovery of Heart in Electrical Shock.
        Am. J. Physiol. 1929; 91: 305-328
        • Kolff W.J.
        • Effler D.B.
        • Groves L.K.
        • Peereboom G.
        • Aoyama S.
        • Sones M.F.
        Elective Cardiac Arrest by the Melrose Technic: Potassium Asystole for Experimental Cardiac Surgery.
        Cleveland Clin. Quart. 1956; 23: 98-104
        • Melrose D.G.
        • Dreyer B.
        • Bentall H.H.
        • Baker J.B.E.
        Elective Cardiac Arrest.
        Lancet. 1955; 2: 21-22
        • Mines G.R.
        On Functional Analyses by the Action of Electrolytes.
        J. Physiol. 1913; 46: 188
        • Ringer S.
        Concerning Influence Exerted by Each of Constituents of Blood on Contraction of Ventricle.
        J. Physiol. 1882; 3: 380-393
        • Ringer S.
        Further Contribution Regarding Influence of Different Constituents of Blood on Contraction of Heart.
        J. Physiol. 1882; 4: 29-42
        • Ringer S.
        Third Contribution Regarding Influence of Inorganic Constituents of Blood on Ventricular Contraction.
        J. Physiol. 1883; 4: 222-225
        • Swan H.
        • Zeavin I.
        • Holmes J.H.
        • Montgomery A.V.
        Cessation of Circulation in General Hypothermia.
        Ann. Surg. 1953; 138: 360-375