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- 1.1. A group of subjects was studied by cinefluorographic analysis to gain further information concerning the dynamics of the buccopharyngeal phases of swallowing.
- 2.2. Five of the subjects were normal, and 8 were individuals with alterations in function based on neoplasm, neurologic disorder, or operation.
- 3.3. It is seen that there is a significant propulsive force generated in the mouth and/or pharynx which coincides with the squirt mechanism described by earlier authors.
- 4.4. The force results from a complex interaction of tongue and adjacent structures.
- 5.5. Several phases to the kinetic interplay can be recognized.
- 6.6. The manner in which various pathologic states can interfere with these phases is demonstrated.
- 7.7. The buccopharyngeal squirt mechanism can serve to propel ingesta past obstructing lesions in the hypopharynx.
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Received: April 28, 1960
☆Supported by Grant C-4435 from the National Institutes of Health.
© 1960 Published by Elsevier Inc.