Research Article| Volume 51, ISSUE 6, P724-737, June 1962

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Induced hypothermia in general surgery

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      • 1.
        1. Twenty-seven cases in which induced surface hypothermia was used as adjuvant to surgical therapy are reviewed. No deaths ascribable to the hypothermia itself were noted. A safe technique for inducing surface hypothermia with equipment readily available in most hospitals is described.
      • 2.
        2. The indications for induced surface hypothermia in general surgical procedures are described. Case reports are given to illustrate these indications.
      • 3.
        3. The possible complications of induced surface hypothermia are described. They occurred very infrequently in this series. The methods we employed to avoid them are given. Only 2 deaths occurred in the immediate postoperative period. Both resulted from disease present at the time of admission and were not related to hypothermia.
      • 4.
        4. Efforts in the laboratory to develop a safe, readily available method for inducing hypothermia in emergencies by means of cooling the patient's blood with stainless steel coils are described.
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