Research Article| Volume 57, ISSUE 3, P491-494, March 1965

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Operative intestinal decompression by means of a long coiled-spring intestinal tube

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      Incorporation of a coiled spring within the lumen of a long intestinal tube has made it possible and practical to readily decompress distended and acutely obstructed small intestine at operation. Oral passage of the tube eliminates the necessity for enterostomy or enterotomy. Leaving the tube in situ for a few days after operation in the presence of peritoneal denudation of the bowel wall is tantamount to performance of the Noble procedure of intestinal plication without use of sutures. Employment of this tube has reduced considerably the operative mortality for acute nongangrenous obstruction of the small bowel. The hospital mortality in acute simple obstruction was 1.3 percent; in the presence of gangrene, 25 percent. Only earlier recognition and operation can lessen the risk when the bowel viability is threatened.
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        • Leonard Arnold S.
        • Nicoloff Demetre M.
        • Griffen Jr., Ward O.
        • Peter Edward T.
        • Wangensteen Owen H.
        Long coiled spring tube for operative intestinal decompression.
        Am. J. Surg. 1962; 104: 427
        • Leonard A.S.
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        • Wangensteen O.H.
        Intestinal decompression: Use of a long tube with a coiled spring for relief of distention without enterotomy or enterostomy.
        Surgery. 1961; 49: 440
        • Smith G.A.
        A study of intestinal intubation using a flexible stylet with controllable tip.
        Surgery. 1952; 32: 17
        • Wangensteen O.H.
        Intestinal obstructions.
        ed. 3. Charles C Thomas, Springfield1955
        • Wangensteen Owen H.
        New operative techniques in intestinal obstructions: Use of long intestinal tube; inlying tube in lower colon for decompression and infusion of fluids; and cervical esophagostomy tube for protracted periods of gastric suction or feeding.
        Wisconsin M. Soc. 1962; 61: 159