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- 1.1. Fifteen renal transplants were performed from living donors with known bilateral double renal arteries. Technical success was achieved in 14 cases and excellent renal function was achieved in 13 patients. Of those 13, 10 patients now maintain normal renal function 90 days to years later. There were no operative deaths, and late deaths were unrelated to the presence of double renal arterial anastomoses.
- 2.2. There is an increased incidence of acute tubular necrosis in recipients of kidneys from living donors with double renal arteries. By three weeks following transplantation, however, their renal function is identical to that of recipients of kidneys with single arteries.
- 3.3. Hypertension is easily controlled in patients following transplantation from donors with double renal arteries whether or not small infarcts of the kidney have been created.
- 4.4. Since transplants from living, related donors are more successful than transplants from cadavers, related persons with bilateral double renal arteries should not be excluded from consideration as donors.
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Accepted: January 26, 1970
☆Supported by Grant No. 1 PO1 AM13083-01 from the United States Public Health Service.
© 1971 Published by Elsevier Inc.