Original communication| Volume 75, ISSUE 2, P233-237, February 1974

Download started.


Identification of vagal structures at the esophageal hiatus

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.


      The levels of the esophageal vagus plexus, the descending vagal trunks, the truncal divisions and their branches were examined in 100 adult cadavers. The number of vagal structures appearing at the hiatus is related to variations in the level of the lowest part of the esophageal plexus and the level at which the vagal trunks separate into the four divisions. In 88 percent of the cadavers, the plexus ended above the hiatus and the truncal divisions were formed below the hiatus. Two vagal trunks passed through the hiatus. In the remaining cases, plexus elements, divisions or branches of divisions were present at the hiatus, resulting in four or more vagal structures.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Crow R.W.
        • Schulte W.J.
        • Ellison E.H.
        • Winship D.A.
        Selective versus truncal vagotomy.
        Am. J. Surg. 1971; 121: 684
        • Dragstedt L.R.
        • Fournier H.J.
        • Woodward E.R.
        • Tover E.B.
        • Harper Jr., P.V.
        Transabdominal gastric vagotomy: A study of the anatomy and surgery of the vagus nerves at the lower portion of the esophagus.
        Surg. Gynecol. Obstet. 1947; 85: 461
        • Gray S.W.
        • Skandalakis J.E.
        Embryology for surgeons.
        in: W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia1972: 90
        • Griffith C.A.
        A new anatomic approach to the problem of incomplete vagotomy.
        Surg. Clin. North Am. 1964; 44: 1239
        • Jackson R.G.
        Anatomic study of the vagus nerves.
        Arch. Surg. 1948; 57: 333
        • Weinberg J.A.
        • Campbell G.W.
        • Voelker R.B.
        Vagus nerve section in the treatment of peptic ulcer.
        J. Thorac. Surg. 1948; 17: 743