Surgery| Volume 135, ISSUE 4, PA4-A6, April 2004

Information for authors and checklist

          Editors in Chief

        • Andrew L. Warshaw, M.D.
        • Surgeon-in-Chief
        • Massachusetts General Hospital
        • W. Gerald Austen Professor of Surgery
        • Harvard Medical School
        • Boston, MA 02114
        • USA

          Manuscript Editor

        • Phyllis M. Hyman
        • (800) 325-4177, ext. 4134 or (314) 453-4134
        • Michael G. Sarr, M.D.
        • Masson Professor of Surgery
        • Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation
        • Rochester, MN 55902
        • USA
        Submission of manuscripts. All manuscripts should be submitted to the following address: Jenea R. Lomas, Managing Editor, Surgery, 731 Cypress Rd., Warminster, PA 18974.

        Information for authors

        Original communications. The Journal invites concise, original articles of new matter in the broad field of clinical and experimental surgery as well as surgical organization, education, and history. Emphasis for acceptance includes conciseness and clarity of presentation as well as appropriateness of English usage.
        All authors must observe most strictly the rules against dual publication. The statements and opinions expressed in the articles and communications herein are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Editors or Publisher, and the Editors and Publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material. Should there be a financial association between one or more of the authors and a commercial company that makes a product that figures prominently in the article, the Editors stipulate that the authors state such an association. Should a significant conflict of interest be present, the Editors reserve the right to reject the article on that basis.
        Each reviewer bears the responsibility of informing the Editors-in-Chief if there is a conflict of interest in participating in the review process. Reviewers bear responsibility for keeping the material confidential.
        Manuscripts describing research involving human subjects must document both IRB approval and that informed consent was obtained from patients who served as subjects of the investigation. In the event that either Editors or referees question the propriety of the human investigation with respect to the risk to the subjects or to the means of obtaining informed consent, Surgery may request more detailed information about the safeguards employed and the procedures used to obtain consent. Minutes of the local human experimentation committees that reviewed and approved the research may also be requested.
        Manuscript checklist. The following guidelines are offered for manuscript preparation, and a Math Eq
        Five complete sets of the manuscript must be submitted, double-spaced on one side of 8 1/2×11 inch paper, with liberal margins on all four sides. Please note that all material submitted for review becomes the property of Elsevier Inc. and will not be returned. Authors should retain copies of all material submitted.
        Electronic submission expedites production of and controls faithfulness to the original manuscript; therefore the manuscript must be submitted on diskette along with five copies of the printout. The author accepts responsibility for the submitted diskette exactly matching the printout of the final version of the manuscript. Upon request, the Editorial Office will send detailed guidelines for the submission of manuscript on diskette to the author. In general, however, these requirements apply. Each diskette must be labeled with the following information: date, name of first author, short title of article, word processing software and version number, and type of computer used. Word is the preferred program.
        The title page should include the full name and highest achieved degree of each author, the institution from which the work originated, sources of financial support, and the exact and complete address, business and home telephone numbers, e-mail address, and fax number of the one author who will be responsible for correspondence, galley proofs, and reprint requests.
        A structured abstract of no more than 200 words must accompany the manuscript and consist of four paragraphs, each with its introductory label: Background (stating the purpose of the study), Methods, Results, and Conclusions. This abstract should be numbered page two of the manuscript. Abstracts are not necessary for Surgical Research Reviews, Clinical Reviews, Brief Clinical Reports, Case Reports, Surgical Techniques, or Editorials.
        Standard abbreviations should be used consistently throughout the manuscript. Consistent use of unusual abbreviations is discouraged but, if necessary, should be spelled out the first time they appear in the text, followed immediately by the abbreviation in parentheses. A separate page of all abbreviations used is suggested to aid the manuscript reviewers. For currently accepted usage, consult the Manual of Style of the American Medical Association, Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, and The Chicago Manual of Style by The University of Chicago Press.
        Illustrations are scanned electronically. For black-and-white and halftone figures, submit five sets of glossy prints. Computer-generated, laser- or plotter-printed graphs or line drawings may be submitted; these must have sharp definition. All lettering must be done professionally and should be in proportion to the drawing, graph, or photograph. Typewritten or freehand lettering is unacceptable. Do not send negatives, original artwork, x-ray films, or electrocardiographic tracings. Glossy print photographs, 3×4 inches (minimum) to 5×7 inches (maximum), with good black-and-white contrast or color balance are preferred. Consistency in size within the article is strongly preferred. Any special instructions regarding sizing should be clearly noted. Figures must be cited in the text and numbered in order of first mention. Each illustration should be marked lightly on the back in pencil with the figure number and first author's surname; the top should also be indicated. A reasonable number of black-and-white illustrations will be produced free of charge; however, please note that special arrangements must be made with the Editors and publisher for color plates or extra illustrations.
        Legends must be provided for all illustrations. These should be typed double-spaced on a separate sheet of paper. The legend should not appear anywhere on the figure. If a figure has been previously published, the legend must give full credit to the original source.
        Tables should be typewritten double-spaced on separate pages, numbered in the order in which they are mentioned in the text, and given a brief, descriptive title. Omit all horizontal or vertical rules from the body of the table. Glossy prints and reduced versions of typewritten tables are unacceptable. All acronyms, abbreviations, and unusual units of measurement used in the title, headings, or body of the table should be fully explained in a footnote. For footnotes, use these symbols in sequence: ∗, †, ‡, §, ‖, ¶, #, ∗∗, ††, superscript lowercase letters. If a table or any data therein have been previously published, a footnote to the table must give full credit to the original source.
        Only references cited in the text should be included in the reference list; cite references in the text by superscript numbers. The reference list must be numbered according to the order of mention of references in the text. The list should be typewritten double-spaced, and format should conform to that set forth in “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” (Vancouver style) ( Do not cite as a reference any work that has not been published or accepted for publication. Manuscripts in preparation or submitted (but not yet accepted for publication) are not acceptable as a reference nor are oral presentations. Manuscripts fully accepted for publication but not yet published should be cited as “in press.” Note that journal abbreviations must follow the style used in the Cumulated Index Medicus. For periodical references, give the surnames of authors and their initials, title of article, publication name, year, volume, and inclusive page numbers. For books, give the surnames of authors and their initials, chapter title (if applicable), editors' surnames and initials, book title, volume number (if applicable), edition number (if applicable), city of publisher, full name of publisher, year of publication, and inclusive page numbers of citation.
        Examples (if six or fewer authors, list all; if seven or more, list first six and add “et al.”):

        For journals:

        Vega KJ, Pina I, Krevsky B. Heart transplantation is associated with an increased risk for pancreatobiliary disease. Ann Intern Med 1996;124:980-3.

        For books:

        Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996.

        For chapters:

        Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: patho-physiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p 465-78.
        Copyright ownership is to be transferred by the following statement, which must accompany all manuscripts and be signed by all authors. “The undersigned author(s) transfer all copyright ownership of the manuscript [title of article] to Elsevier Inc., in the event the work is published. The undersigned warrant(s) that the article is original, does not infringe upon any copyright or other proprietary right of any third party, is not under consideration by another journal, and has not been published previously.” Authors will be consulted, when possible, regarding republication of their material.
        Direct quotations, tables, or illustrations that have appeared in copyrighted material must be accompanied by written permission for their use from the copyright owner and original author along with complete information as to source. Photographs of identifiable persons must be accompanied by signed releases showing informed consent. Articles appear in both the printed and online versions of the journal, and wording of the letter should specify permission in all forms and media. Failure to get electronic permission rights may result in the images not appearing in the online version.
        Brief clinical reports. Manuscripts for the Brief Clinical Reports section should be Math Eq to no more than four double-spaced manuscript pages with up to five references. The articles could include one or two pertinent illustrations but no abstract. Following the guidelines for original communications, five complete sets of manuscript should be sent.
        Editorials. Editorials should be concise and brief (not to exceed 1000 words, except under unusual circumstances) and should express the personal opinion of the author. An editorial should contain a minimum of references, if any. Editorial material to be considered by the Editors may include not only timely subjects of clinical interest, but also material of general interest to the surgical community, including topics of social significance. Following the guidelines for original manuscripts, four copies of each editorial should be sent.
        Letters to the Editors. The Editors invite comments in the form of letters that express differences of opinion or supporting views of previously published editorials or recently published papers in Surgery. Each letter must not exceed 500 words, should be typed with double spacing, must include complete references, and should be submitted in four sets. The editorial board reserves the right to accept, reject, or excerpt letters without changing the views expressed by the writer. No anonymous correspondence will be published; therefore each author should include his or her complete address.
        Reprints. Individual reprints of an article may be obtained directly from the author.
        Book reviews. Books shall be reviewed only at the discretion of the Editors.

        Checklist for complete manuscript (Must be completed and included with manuscript)

        —Five complete sets of the manuscript (including five sets of figures and tables) must be submitted
        —Copyright transfer agreement, signed by all authors
        —Title page, including names and affiliations of all authors and addresses/phone number/fax number for the corresponding author
        —Structured abstract (if required)
        —Listing of all relevant abbreviations used in the manuscript (e.g. ERC – endoscopic retrograde cholangiography)
        —The complete text of the manuscript
        —References listed in the correct style (See “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.” Ann Intern Med 1997;126:36-47.)
        —A legend for each figure
        —All tables and/or boxes
        —All figures (labeled with author's name and number)
        —Diskette (labeled with first author's name, name of journal, and software program)
        —Permissions for use of borrowed material (from copyright holder) in all forms and media and any necessary patient release forms
        —IRB Approval
        —Commercial Relationship Disclosure
        —I attest that this manuscript has not been submitted for publication in any other journal nor has it been previously published in any media.
        —Please provide names of 2 or more potential reviewers without a conflict of interest Math Eq