Several reconstructive surgical techniques have been proposed for restoring pancreatico-jejunal continuity. Little has been done, however, to evaluate the efficacy of tissue engineering on anastomotic healing. We examined the effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) incorporated in gelatin hydrogel (GH) microspheres on the anastomotic healing of pancreaticojejunostomy.
As a preliminary experiment, 20 female Wistar rats received a jejunal subserosal injection of 1 μg of bFGF-GH (n = 10), 1 μg of Free-bFGF (n = 5), or gelatin alone (n = 5) to study the effects of bFGF on the histology of normal jejunum on day 7 after the injection. Next, 12 beagle dogs received a jejunal subserosal injection of 100-μg bFGF-GH (n = 7) or gelatin alone (n = 5) at the anastomotic site of pancreaticojejunostomy. Four types of assessment were performed to compare the 2 groups: pancreatography, breaking strength test, pathologic examination, and calculation of the microvessel density (MVD).
The bFGF-GH injection led to markedly increased levels of collagen and fibroblastic cellularity in the subserosal layer of the Wistar rats. In contrast, the rats treated by gelatin alone exhibited no such effects. No anastomotic failures were observed in the dogs treated by bFGF-GH. Histologic observations of this group revealed abundant granulation tissues. Treatment with bFGF-GH significantly increased the breaking strength and MVD over the levels measured in the control group (P < .01).
bFGF-GH accelerates healing of pancreaticojejunal anastomosis during the early postoperative period. Basic FGF-GH may show promise as a new technique for preventing anastomotic failure of pancreaticojejunostomy.
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Accepted: March 31, 2007
Supported by a grant-in-aid from the Japan Society for the Study of Surgical Techniques. The recombinant bFGF was provided by Kaken Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, and the J-VAC drainage system was supplied by Johnson & Johnson Co., Tokyo, Japan.
© 2007 Mosby, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.