Resection of the rectal primary neoplasm with synchronous liver metastases (LM) is warranted, because this is the only strategy with curative potential. Combined resection remains controversial because of the risk of morbidity and necessity of a curative abdominal approach to warrant liver resection. Laparoscopic colorectal resection may be beneficial and could facilitate this procedure.
Between February 2006 and June 2007, 10 patients underwent 1-step laparoscopic resection for primary rectal cancer combined with open resection of synchronous LM.
All patients underwent a laparoscopic mesorectal excision (n = 10). Liver resections included right hepatectomy (n = 1), bi- or trisegmentectomy (n = 3), and metastasectomy (n = 6). The rectosigmoid specimen was extracted through the right subcostal or a short midline incision used for open liver resection, except in 3 patients who underwent a 1-step totally laparoscopic resection of both the colorectal and hepatic neoplasms. The overall morbidity was 40%. The median hospital stay was 12 days (range, 5–40). Overall morbidity (29% vs 40%) and hospital stay (12 vs 12 days) were similar to those observed in a previous cohort of 27 patients undergoing laparoscopic mesorectal excision only.
This pilot study suggests that laparoscopic rectal resection with synchronous resection of LM is feasible with low morbidity and short hospital stay. Moreover, laparoscopy facilitates the operation approach for synchronous major hepatectomy.
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Published online: July 11, 2008
Accepted: April 16, 2008
© 2008 Mosby, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.