Single-port laparoscopy (SPL) requires specialized skills; however, there are currently no specialized training courses for SPL. The aim of this study is to present an effective specialized training course of basic skills for SPL.
We designed a specialized training course for single-port laparoscopic basic skills. The study included 10 male urology residents. The trainees practiced the traditional training course for laparoscopy basic skills for 5 days. Basic skills were assessed on day 6 and a self-efficacy confidence index was measured. On day 7, all trainees performed a traditional laparoscopic nephrectomy and single-port laparoscopic nephrectomy. The participants were then randomized into 2 groups: 5 trainees performed the specialized training course and the other 5 trainees continued to practice the traditional training course. Both groups were trained for 5 days. After completion, the trainees were tested on completing a porcine single-port laparoscopic nephrectomy. Operative performance was measured by 2 experts who were blinded to which training the student had received, using an altered global rating. In addition, participants completed a general self-efficacy instrument after performing surgeries.
The overall operative performance score for single-port laparoscopic surgery was significantly better in the specialized training group. A significant difference in confidence index was seen between the traditional laparoscopy training and specialized single-port training groups (18.40 ± 2.70 vs 29.4 ± 3.51, respectively; P = .001.). Four relative instrument locations which avoided the problem of crowding were also noted in the specialized training group.
The specialized training course is effective for developing SPL skills.
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Published online: April 01, 2011
Accepted: November 9, 2010
B.Y., B.X., and Y.S. contributed equally to this manuscript.
© 2011 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.