The Warburg effect describes increased glucose uptake in cancer cells, and glucose transporter proteins are overexpressed in many tumors. In this study, we evaluated the expression of 14 SLC2A genes encoding glucose transporter proteins in papillary thyroid carcinoma patients.
Clinical information and gene expression data from 499 papillary thyroid carcinoma patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Correlations between SLC2 gene family (SLC2A1–14) mRNA expression levels and clinicopathologic factors were analyzed.
There were 14 mortalities during follow-up (median, 21.6 months). Patient overall mortality was associated with age ≥45 years, extrathyroidal extension, higher TNM stage, and increased expression of SLC2A1, SLC2A3, and SLC2A14 mRNA. Greater SLC2A1, SLC2A3, and SLC2A14 expression was associated with increased mortality (odds ratio: 11.692, 95% confidence interval: 3.362–36.938; odds ratio: 12.725, 95% confidence interval: 4.247–40.187; and odds ratio: 13.768, 95% confidence interval: 4.208–61.710, respectively). Kaplan–Meier survival analysis indicated that overall survival was shorter in patients with high rather than low SCL2 expression (SLC2A1, P = .003; SLC2A3, P < .001; and SLC2A14, P < .001).
Upregulation of the SLC2A1, SLC2A3, and SLC2A14 genes was associated with increased mortality in papillary thyroid carcinoma patients, and SLC2 gene expression levels are potentially useful prognostic indicators.
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Published online: November 11, 2016
Accepted: April 10, 2016
Y.J.C. and J.W.Y. contributed equally to this study.
Supported by a multidisciplinary research grant-in-aid from the Seoul Metropolitan Government Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center (02-2015-8), and the Korean Health Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare (HI13C2164).
© 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.