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Surgical innovation as the driver of change in academic surgery

Published:February 14, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2018.11.021
      For centuries, academic departments of surgery have been charged with the management of surgical knowledge. This has been accomplished through the following: application, providing the highest quality surgical care; training, educating medical students, residents, fellows, and faculty; discovery, advancing the practice of surgery; and dissemination, improving the health of the community. To fulfill this responsibility, leaders of academic departments of surgery have leveraged a wide range of human, structural, and relational knowledge and skills—their intellectual capital.
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