Biliary| Volume 167, ISSUE 6, P942-949, June 2020

A comprehensive evaluation of the long-term clinical and economic impact of minor bile duct injury

Published:March 14, 2020DOI:



      Outcomes after Strasberg grade E bile duct injury have been widely reported. However, there are comparatively few reports of outcomes after Strasberg A to D bile duct injury. Therefore, the aim of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the long-term clinical and economic impact of Strasberg A to D bile duct injury.


      Patients with Strasberg A to D bile duct injury were identified from a prospectively collected and maintained database. Long-term biliary complication rates, as well as treatment costs were then estimated, and compared across Strasberg injury grades.


      A total of N = 120 patients were identified, of whom N = 49, 13, 20, and 38 had Strasberg grade A, B, C, and D bile duct injury, respectively. Surgical repair was most commonly performed in Strasberg grade D injuries (74% vs 8%–20% in lower grades, P < .001). By 5 years post bile duct injury, the estimated long-term biliary complication rate was 40% in Strasberg grade D injuries, compared with 15% in Strasberg grade A (P = .022). A significant difference in total treatment and follow-up costs was also detected (P < .001), being highest in Strasberg grade D injuries (mean £11,048/US$14,252 per patient) followed by the Strasberg grade B group (mean £10,612/US$13,689 per patient).


      Strasberg grade A to D injuries lead to considerable long-term morbidity and cost. Strasberg grade D injuries are typically managed surgically and result in the highest complication rate and treatment costs. Strasberg grade B injuries lead to a similar complication rate and treatment cost but are often managed without surgery.
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