A narrative celebrating the recent contributions of women to colorectal surgery



      To interview extraordinary women who have made recent significant contributions to the field of colorectal surgery.


      The authors asked some of the many extraordinary women who have made significant contributions to the field of colorectal surgery to answer several questions. These women were selected from many potential candidates based upon their extraordinary recent contributions to the field of colorectal surgery. These thought leaders were asked about their contributions to colorectal surgery, their mentors, whether they had any women as role models, and, lastly, what they would tell their younger selves. The study was structured to recognize these women for their remarkable recent contributions to colorectal surgery, and we wished to encourage women to pursue leadership in colorectal surgery including the allied fields of colorectal pathology and colorectal imaging. Furthermore, the authors hoped to inspire male colorectal surgeons to actively mentor and help the career development of women colorectal surgeons. The potential limitations of the study include the fact that there are many more well-deserving women who could have been included in the sample survey but, because of space constraints, were not invited.


      Women in colorectal surgery and in the allied specialties of colorectal pathology and colorectal radiology have made many recent major significant contributions to colorectal surgery. The expectation is that the volume and frequency of such contributions as well as the number of women making these contributions should further significantly increase with time.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Martling A.L.
        • Holm T.
        • Rutqvist L.E.
        • Moran B.J.
        • Heald R.J.
        • Cedemark B.
        Effect of a surgical training programme on outcome of rectal cancer in the County of Stockholm. Stockholm Colorectal Cancer Study Group, Basingstoke Bowel Cancer Research Project. 2000; 356: 93-96
        • Erlandsson J.
        • Martling A.
        Short-course radiotherapy with delayed surgery for rectal cancer - authors’ reply.
        Lancet Oncol. 2017; 18: e295
        • Spearing S.
        A history of women in medicine. Cunning women, physicians and witches.
        Pen and Sword Books Ltd, Philadelphia2019
        • Wirtzfeld D.A.
        The history of women in surgery.
        Can J Surg. 2009; 52: 317-320
      1. Health at a Glance 2019. OECD Indicators. OECD iLibrary Web stie.
        • Arora T.K.
        • Dent D.
        • Morris-Wiseman L.
        • Nfonsam V.
        Diversity in the last decade of the Association of Program Directors in Surgery: a descriptive analysis of leadership and future directions.
        J Surg Educ. 2019; 76: e125-e131
        • Carter J.V.
        • Polk H.C.
        • Galbraith N.J.
        • et al.
        Women in surgery: a longer term follow-up.
        Am J Surg. 2018; 216: 189-193