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Mental health diagnosis, not patient-reported outcomes, is predictive of failing to meet the expected outcomes after successful implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Protocol after elective colon resection

      Abstract

      Background

      Enhanced Recovery After Surgery protocols have demonstrated decreased complication rates and length of stay. However, the influence of mental health on Enhanced Recovery After Surgery success is unknown.

      Method

      A retrospective study of patient-reported outcomes for physical and mental health. We included patients who underwent elective minimally invasive colon resections, who completed the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 10 questionnaire preoperatively, and who had successful implementation of perioperative Enhanced Recovery After Surgery components. We evaluated the predictors of having successful expected Enhanced Recovery After Surgery outcomes using a multiple logistic regression, controlling for baseline patient characteristics, history of a mental health diagnosis, inpatient opiate use, and preoperative Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 10 scores.

      Results

      In total, 163 patients met inclusion criteria, with 23% failing Enhanced Recovery After Surgery, and 32% having a preoperative mental health diagnosis. The most common reason for failure of expected Enhanced Recovery After Surgery outcomes was length of stay (55.3%) followed by postoperative ileus (31.6%). Age, sex, the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification, and preoperative Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 10 scores were not significantly different between those who failed or succeeded, whereas length of stay was typically longer for those who failed Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (5.7 days failure vs 2.2 days success, P < .001). Patients with a previous mental health diagnosis, where depression and anxiety were most common, had significantly lower odds of successfully meeting expected Enhanced Recovery After Surgery outcomes (odds ratio of 0.23, 95% confidence interval: 0.09–0.55, P = .001).

      Conclusion

      Patients with a mental health diagnosis have a lower likelihood of successfully meeting expected Enhanced Recovery After Surgery outcomes. The majority of these patients self-report normal mental and physical health preoperatively, indicating that even well-controlled mental health diagnoses have a negative impact on Enhanced Recovery After Surgery success.
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