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Clinical feasibility of curative surgery after nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine-cisplatin chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced cholangiocarcinoma

Published:November 23, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2022.09.028

      Abstract

      Background

      This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical feasibility of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine-cisplatin triplet chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced cholangiocarcinoma in real-world practice.

      Methods

      We retrospectively reviewed patients with locally advanced cholangiocarcinoma who were treated with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine-cisplatin between October 2019 and August 2021 at a single institution. The initial diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma was histologically confirmed.

      Results

      One hundred twenty-nine patients were included in this study. Among the patients with a measurable lesion (57.4%), the objective response rate and disease control were 60.8% and 91.9%, respectively. Seventy-seven patients (59.7%) were determined as resectable after triplet chemotherapy, but 73 (56.6%) underwent subsequent curative surgery. The major postoperative complication rate was 15.1%, and there were 2 postoperative mortalities (2.7%). There were 6 complete remission cases (8.2%) in the final pathology. The R0 resection was achieved in 67 patients (91.8%). Despite the initial locally advanced cholangiocarcinoma, a pathologic T stage of less than T2 was reported in 67 patients (91.8%). Fifty-two patients (71.2%) had no lymph node metastasis. Patients who underwent surgery after triplet chemotherapy had significantly higher 12-month overall survival (95.9% vs 76.8%; P < .001) than those treated with chemotherapy alone.

      Conclusion

      Nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine-cisplatin chemotherapy demonstrated a down-staging effect through a high response rate, indicating that this triplet chemotherapy is feasible as induction therapy in patients with locally advanced cholangiocarcinoma.

      Graphical abstract

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