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Disparities in disposition from trauma centers to inpatient psychiatric treatment in a national sample of patients with self-inflicted injury

Published:November 07, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2022.09.030

      Abstract

      Background

      Surgery providers are integral to the treatment of patients with self-inflicted injuries. Patient disposition (eg, home, inpatient psychiatric treatment, rehabilitation) is important to long-term outcomes, but little is known about factors influencing disposition after discharge following traumatic self-inflicted injury. We tested whether patient or injury characteristics were associated with disposition after treatment for self-inflicted injury.

      Methods

      National Trauma Data Bank query for self-inflicted injuries from 2010 to 2018.

      Results

      There were 77,731 patients treated for self-inflicted injuries during the study period. Discharge home was the most common disposition (45%), and those without insurance were less likely to discharge to inpatient psychiatric treatment than those with insurance. Racial minority patients were less likely to discharge to inpatient psychiatric treatment (18.9%) than nonminority patients (23.8%, P < .001). Additionally, patients discharged to inpatient psychiatric treatment had significantly lower injury severity score (7.24 ± 7.5) than those who did not (8.69 ± 9.1, P < .001).

      Conclusion

      Racial/ethnic minority patients and those without insurance were significantly less likely to discharge to an inpatient psychiatric facility after treatment at a trauma center for self-inflicted injury. Future research is needed to evaluate the internal factors (eg, trauma center practices) and external factors (eg, inpatient psychiatric facilities not accepting patients with wound care needs) driving disposition variability.
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