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The role of transanal tube after low anterior resection in patients with rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy: A propensity score-matched study

Published:December 06, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2022.10.033

      Abstract

      Background

      The protective efficacy of transanal tube for anastomosis was compared with that of diverting stoma in patients with rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy.

      Methods

      We included consecutive patients with rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and curative surgery from January 2013 to December 2019. The patients were grouped into transanal tube or diverting stoma, according to the protection methods they received. Propensity score-matching with 1:1 ratio was done. The primary outcome was the incidence of anastomotic leakage.

      Results

      Of the 656 eligible patients, 207 (31.6%) and 385 (58.7%) patients were grouped into transanal tube and diverting stoma, respectively, and 64 (9.7%) patients who did not undergo either transanal tube or diverting stoma were excluded. After matching, the incidence of anastomotic leakage was 9.7% and 10.6% in diverting stoma and transanal tube, respectively (P = .871). The overall morbidity was 23.2% and 15.0% in diverting stoma and transanal tube, respectively (P = .045). In the multivariate analysis, tumor size >2.5 cm and level of anastomosis <4 cm were significant risk factors for anastomotic leakage. In a subgroup analysis for patients with the level of anastomosis >4 cm, the incidence of anastomotic leakage was not significantly different between the transanal tube and diverting stoma groups. However, for patients with a level of anastomosis <4 cm, the incidence of grade C anastomotic leakage was significantly greater in the transanal tube than in the diverting stoma group (2.5% vs 9.9%, P = .040).

      Conclusion

      The protective efficacy of transanal tube may be comparable to diverting stoma, especially for those with a level of anastomosis >4 cm.
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