Retraction Notice| Volume 173, ISSUE 4, P1108, April 2023

Retraction notice to Glucose transporter-1 gene expression is associated with pancreatic cancer invasiveness and MMP-2 activity [Surgery -September 2004, Pages 548-556]

Published:February 11, 2023DOI:
      This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (
      This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors-in-Chief, because an investigation by Harvard Medical School and the Brigham and Women’s Hospital has concluded that Figure 3 is invalid and no underlying research data are available to resolve the discrepancies or validate the reported results.

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