Original communication| Volume 5, ISSUE 4, P567-571, April 1939

A clinical classification of cancer of the breast

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      A clinical classification of all mammary cancers into four stages is presented. The exact requirements for each group are indicated. This classification appears simple, rational, and practical. To us it has already been of inestimable service in more than 200 cases. Such a classification is extremely valuable in simplifying statistical reports of five-year cures, analyzed in the four standardized clinical stages of the disease, and in outlining the proper plan of treatment and in prognosticating the final outcome for each division. We believe that patients in Stage 1 and Stage 2 should be treated by radical surgery and intensive (radical) irradiation. Those falling in Stages 3 and 4 require x-rays or radium therapy or both, with or without conservative surgery, if and when required.
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