Original communication| Volume 5, ISSUE 6, P865-868, June 1939

Bacterial agglutinin in bile of patients with cholelithiasis

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.


      • 1.
        1. Agglutinin titer for the staphylococcus, B. colt, and B. typhosus was determined in the serum, gall-bladder bile, and hepatic bile obtained at operation from a series of 23 patients.
      • 2.
        2. In the specimens obtained from the patients who did not have gallstones, no agglutinin was present in hepatic bile; and agglutinin was present only to the colon bacillus in the gall-bladder bile of 1 of 6 patients. The serum of these patients contained bacterial agglutinin in low titer.
      • 3.
        3. The hepatic bile in the patients with cholelithiasis contained agglutinin in 2 of 6 instances. The gall-bladder bile contained agglutinin in every one of the 1.2 patients with calculi. The serum agglutinin titer in these patients with gallstones was high.
      • 4.
        4. The presence of bacterial agglutinin in patients who have cholelithiasis and the absence of bacterial agglutinin in those patients who do not have biliary calculi may be of significance in the etiology of gallstones
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Riegel Cecilia
        • Ravdin I.S.
        • Johnston C.G.
        Studies of Gall-Bladder Function. VI. The Absorption of Bile Salts and Cholesterol From the BileFree Gall Bladder.
        Am. J. Physiol. 1932; 99: 656
        • Sterling J.A.
        Agglutinins in the Bile of Dogs.
        in: Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. & Med.33. 1935: 251
        • Sterling J.A.
        Agglutinins in the Serum and Bite of Dogs Following Cholecystitis Produced by Infections of Typhoid Bacilli.
        Surgery. 1939; 5: 663