Original communication| Volume 13, ISSUE 1, P87-93, January 1943

The effect of intraperitoneal injection of gastric, strangulated intestinal and appendical loop content upon the leucocyte count

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      In an attempt to simulate the conditions which exist after an acute abdominal catastrophe such as the rupture of a peptic ulcer, the rupture of an acutely inflamed appendix, or the rupture of a section of gangrenous bowel, the above series of experiments were performed. In addition to the severe systemic reaction produced on the animals by these procedures, there was a notable tendency for the leucocyte count in the peripheral blood to fall. It seems reasonable to assume that such a drop in the leucocyte count may occur under similar circumstances in man, and that it has not been previously detected except in isolated cases is probably due to the fact that blood studies were not made at the appropriate times. If such a fall in the leucocytes does occur in man it may explain some of the unexpectedly low leucocyte counts which are not infrequently found.
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